Welcome to Employment through skill training and placement
The Employment through Skills Training & Placement (EST&P) Component
Mission is designed to provide skills to the unskilled urban poor as well as to upgrade
skills. The program will provide for skill training of the urban poor to enable them
self-employment ventures and for salaried jobs in the private sector. The EST&P Program
the gap between the demand and availability of local skills by providing skill training
required by the market.
The broader objective of the Employment through Skills Training & Placement (EST&P) Program
- To provide an asset to the urban poor in the form of skills for sustainable
- To increase the income of urban poor through structured, market-oriented certified
provide salaried employment and/or self-employment opportunities which will
eventually lead to
better living standards and alleviation of urban poverty on a sustainable basis.
- Ensure inclusive growth with increased contribution of skilled urban poor to the
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The Sikkim Urban Livelihood Mission shall rest on the foundation that the
mobilisation of urban poor households to form their own institutions is an important
investment for an effective and sustainable poverty reduction programme. NULM envisages
mobilisation of urban poor households into a three tiered structure with Self-Help Groups
(SHGs) at the grass-root level, Area Level Federations (ALFs) at the slum/ward level and
City-level Federations (CLFs) at the city-level
Self-Help Groups (SHGs)
SHGs are groups of 10 to 20 women or men who come together to improve their living
conditions by group savings and loans. These groups conduct regular meetings where the
savings of the group is collected into a corpus fund, which is used to provide short-term
loans to the members.
Panchsutra for a good SHG:
• Regular savings
• Regular meetings
• Regular accounts – book-keeping and accounting
• Regular repayments
• Adherence to rules and regulations of the SHGs
This component will focus on financial assistance to individuals/groups of urban poor for
setting up gainful self-employment ventures/ micro-enterprises, suited to their skills,
training, aptitude and local conditions. The component will also support Self Help Groups
(SHGs) of urban poor to access easy credit from bank and avail interest subsidy on SHG
Selection of Beneficiary: The Community Organisers (COs) and professionals
from Urban Local
Body (ULB) will identify the prospective beneficiaries from among the urban poor. The
community structures formed under Social Mobilisation & Institutional Development (SM&ID)
component of NULM viz: Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Area Level Federations (ALFs) may also
refer prospective individual and group entrepreneurs for purpose of financial assistance
under SEP to ULB.
Entrepreneurship Development Programme (EDP): In addition to skill training
beneficiaries, the ULB will also arrange to conduct Entrepreneurship Development Programme
for 3-7 days for individual and group entrepreneurs.
The Urban homeless persons contribute to the economy of the cities and thus the nation as
cheap labour in the informal sector; yet they live with no shelter or social security
protection. The urban homeless survive with many challenges like no access to elementary
public services such as health, education, food, water and sanitation.
Sikkim Urban Livelihoods Mission aims at providing permanent shelter equipped
with essential services to the urban homeless in a phased manner under the Scheme of Shelter
for Urban Homeless (SUH).
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the Shelter for Urban Homeless (SUH) component
of NULM scheme
• Ensure availability and access of the urban homeless population to permanent shelters
including the basic infrastructure facilities like water supply, sanitation, safety and
• Cater to the needs of especially vulnerable segments of the urban homeless like the
dependent children, aged, disabled, mentally ill and recovering gravely ill, by creating
special sections within homeless shelters and provisioning special service linkages for
FACILITIES AT THE SHELTERS
The shelters will be permanent, running though out the year; and open round the clock,
because many homeless persons find work in the nights. Following facilities/amenities may be
provided at the shelters for dignified living:
• Well ventilated rooms.
• Water arrangements (Potable drinking water and other needs) and sanitation.
• Adequate bathing & toilet facilities.
• Standard lighting for shelter.
Street vendors constitute an important segment at the bottom of the pyramid of the informal
economy in cities. Street vending provides a source of self-employment, and acts as a
measure of urban poverty alleviation. Street vending also has a prominent place in the urban
supply chain, and provides inexpensive and convenient access to goods and services to all
segments of the population including the poor.
The objective of the component is to address the vulnerabilities of the urban street vendors
through a multi-pronged approach. This includes:
• Survey of street vendors and issue of Identity Cards
• Development of city street vending plans
• Infrastructure development of vending zones in the city
• Training and Skill Development
• Financial Inclusion
• Access to credit
• Linkages to social security schemes
The key objectives of the Capacity Building and Training (CB&T) component are:
• To transform the role of M/o HUPA and State Agencies in charge of urban poverty
into providers of high quality technical assistance in the field of livelihood promotion and
urban poverty alleviation;
• To build strong institutional structures at the National, State, and City levels for
efficient implementation of the NULM
• To build capacity of the urban poor, their institutions and the machinery involved in
implementation of NULM